The therapist and the guest move through the following processes, though they do not need to be carried out in any specific order to be effective.
- Engaging – The therapist actively engages with the guest for the duration of the session.
- Focusing – The discussion is focused on one specific topic.
- Evoking – The therapist works to evoke a sense of self-confidence in the guest.
- Planning – Future MI sessions and treatment goals are mapped out.
Motivational interviewing is driven by a partnership between the client and the therapist, acceptance of current circumstances, compassion for self and for others and evocation, or mindfulness. The guest learns how to draw on their own strengths to improve their circumstances and acknowledges that they have all the tools and skills necessary to evoke positive change in their lives.